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Brotherton & Weekping Indian Communities of NJ

1759 Map of Proposed Layout of Brotherton

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Tennent's Account of Move from Cranbury (Bethel) to Brotherton
1759 Map of Proposed Layout of Brotherton
Pictures of Brotherton
Primary Documents Related to Brotherton Indians
Native Men in the French & Indian War
Brotherton in 1761 & 1795
Message from the Brothertons to the Ohio Indians, 1767
Removal to New York, 1793 - 1803
Robert Skikkit - And Indian Soldiers of the Revolution
Weekping or Coaxen
Pictures of Weekping/Coaxen
Indian Rules of Descent of Lands
The Will of Charles Moolis & Legal Action to Stop It
The Court Battle over Moolis's Will
Court Action in Trenton
Confused Tenants & Powers of Attorney
State Control of Weekping
Efforts at Compromise at Weekping
Petition of the Indians, 1817
1819 Letter to the President
Federal Court Action
The Loss of Weekping
Miscellaneous Documents
Occum, Quakers, Moravian Texts & More
Books for sale
Guest Book

brothertonmap.gif
Manuscript map of Brotherton, ca. 1759

saraland.gif
Lot assigned to the widow of Weequehela

Brotherton Map - 1759
 
This map is from Special Collections of the Rutgers University Libraries, specifically Alexander Library on College Avenue at the Rutgers, New Brunswick campus.
 
The map states:  N:B:  by over crowd of afairs I precippitly marked out the Ten houses in ye Line of Each lot whereas it should have been in ye middle;  the Two houses next to ye water, with the adjacent field of about 4 or 5 acres is proposed for ye supply of poor widows only;   the above may give ye Governor Some Idea how it lyes.  I wish I cod. have Done it better;
 
Daniel Ellis put in a receipt for work on the map on December 5, 1760.  The receipt is in his handwriting and states:  "Rec'd. of Charles Read Esqr the Sum of Fifty Shillings in full for Surveying and Drafting the Land Bought by the Commissioners for the use of the Indians.  I gave a Receipt for the Same Some time ago which cant be found.   Decr. ye 5th: 1760
 
There are two houses on this map:  one on the western stream is listed as Stephen Calvin & Joseph Micty.  The house at the lower left was known to be the residence of John Brainerd.
 
Note the layout of the ten cabins in an inverted L-shape.  The site of this community is still in open space. 
 
A map will be added shortly that shows the approximate location of the Indian church and cemetery and other sites associated with the Brotherton Reservation.  It is known that the Indian cemetery is now grown over.
 
This map shows that lots were set aside for the Indians.  However, based upon the documents, it is not clear that any of these lots were actively farmed or had houses placed upon them.  To the contrary, the documents infer that these lots were not necessarily controlled by those persons named on this map, or their descendents.  More research needs to be done to determine this question.
 
The lots were assigned as follows (names to be verified):
  1. William Wilolux
  2. Thomas Lemons
  3. Thomas Kekalah (Joshua Kekalah represented the Brothertons in the Weekping matter vs. Foster)
  4. Benjamin Store
  5. Samuel More (moved to the Ohio country and was killed at Gnadenhutten, March 8, 1782)
  6. Joseph Wooly
  7. Philip Daniell
  8.  Jacob Skiket
  9. vacant
10. Sarah Wickwealah (widow of Wequeheela)
11. William Wooley
12. Gabrill Mitop
13. vacant
14. Thomas Store
15. - 17. vacant
18. Jacob Daniell
19. Josiah Store
20. Ismail Slallomen
21. Isaac Swanulah
 
The newly laid-out roads include one leading to the north, called the Road to Fosters, and another west-east road which is present-day Willow Grove Road, or County 648. 

cabins.jpg
Layout of cabins at Brotherton, just west of present-day Indian Mills

bronewmapcu.jpg

Map of Brotherton, drawn by Ken Brewer (copy in the Nathaniel R. Ewan scrapbooks at the Burlington County Library, dated 1/25/1957).  The letters are as follows:  A - Brainerd's House,  B - Indian Burial Ground, C - Saw Mill, D - Original Saw Mill, E - Log Church, F - Corner Store.

The area of the Brotherton Reservation Today
indianmills.jpg
2002 NJ DEP aerial photo of Indian Mills, Shamong Twp., Burlington County .

As Willow Grove Road traverses from east to west, it leaves Indian Mills and approaches open space to the west of the stream.   It was in the wood line north of the road where the Indian church was located (and the cemetery is located).  To the south of the road, in the large open field just west of the stream, Brainerd's house once stood.
 
It appears that the location of the cabins, church, Brainerd's house and Calvin's house are still undeveloped.

indmillsclose.jpg
Area of the Indian church & cemetery, and Brainerd's house.

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